Xi Jinping Offers Win-Win Collaboration to Arab League through the One Belt-One Road

January 22, 2016

Speaking to the Arab League Thursday in Cairo following his historic visits to Tehran, Riyadh, and Cairo, Chinese President Xi Jinping presented an offer of peace and development, accompanied with specific aid, investments, loans, and joint projects that total more than $55 billion to the region, including the Palestinians.  CCTV broadcast the speech live with simultaneous English translation, and other Chinese TV stations broadcast in Arabic.

Xi opened by saying that the Chinese "believe in hope and encourage it by peace," and framed the speech entirely in the "One Belt-One Road" policy. “The key to overcoming difficulties is to accelerate development. Turmoil in the Middle East stems from the lack of development, and the ultimate solution will depend on development, which bears on everyone's well-being and dignity. It is a race against time and a struggle between hope and disillusion. Only when young people are able to live a fulfilled life with dignity through development can hope prevail in their heart. Only then will they voluntarily reject violence, extremist ideologies and terrorism.”  “Outside nations cannot impose solutions, and China will not look for a "proxy," he said.  Instead, China is offering a "win-win" strategy for all the countries of the region based on mutual interests, Xi said. He also referred to the injustice toward the Palestinian people, reiterating China's support for a two-state solution based on the 1967 borders, and announced 50 million yuan ($7.6 million) for the Palestinians.

He described four areas of closer Chinese-Arab relations:

First, on terrorism and extremism, he said the cause can't be linked to a single country or a single religion.  "We should treat the symptom, but also the cause."  Therefore, China created a research institute on Chinese-Arab reform in China, to which 100 "famous people" from Middle East religious institutions will be invited.  China will also provide US$300 million in law enforcement to help the Arab countries fight terrorism.

Second, work on structural reform, innovation, and a push for "oil-plus" trade relations.  China would like to see agreements for the long-term purchase of oil and a long-term energy strategy cooperation that involves innovation.  He told them, "China's investment is entering the fast lane," and the emphasis will be on manufacturing exports and transportation.

Third was "energy capacity cooperation," and using Chinese progress in developing efficient industries such as auto production, that can create jobs in the Arab world.  He referenced the $15 billion in investments just signed in Egypt, along with: US$10 billion in loans to Arab countries for manufacturing capacity, and US$20 billion for UAE and Qatar for high-end industries.  Another US$10 billion is going for other projects.  China and the Arab States have also set up a training center for the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and clean energy.

The fourth area is "civilizational exchanges" based on joint respect for cultures.  Cooperation in this area will result in discovering "more areas for win-win cooperation through the One Belt-One Road."  China is inviting 100 scholars and experts and will provide 1,000 positions for Arab youth leaders to visit China.  They will also invite parties to decide on 10,000 scholarships and 10,000 positions for trainees in China.Under another project, China and the Arab States will launch a "Silk Road Book Translation" program for the translation of 100 Chinese and Arab classics into each other's language. “The Chinese and Arab civilizations each have their own systems and distinctive features,”  Xi said, “yet they both embody the common ideals and aspirations of mankind for development and progress, and they both champion such values as moderation, peace, forgiveness, tolerance and self-restraint."



Helga, Xi Jinping, Schiller Institute and New Silk Road Report in Arabic Newspaper

The Arabic U.A.E. newspaper Al-Ittihad issued a wonderful column by Mohammed Aref, scientific and technology advisor, on Chinese President Xi Jinping's visit to Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Iran, giving full credit to the New Silk Road Lady Helga Zepp-LaRouche and the Schiller Institute for this new visionary policy.

The column, titled "China's 51st Century" (according to China's historic record), gives a very poetic and exciting image of the tour by President Xi to the region and China's emphasis on the New Silk Road and economic development in its policy declaration.

In 1997, Aref was the first Arab journalist to write a full-scale, full-page review of the first EIR Eurasian Land-Bridge Report, in the London-based Arabic daily Al-Hayat, for which he was the Scientific Editor.

After debunking the argument that China's economy is in decline, Aref states: "China is redrawing the map of the world, turning the seven continents into six by making Asia and Europe one continent. 'Let the world be, for no one can succeed in conquering the world and changing it,' as the Chinese saying goes, and as expressed by the Chinese Foreign Ministry Arab Policy Paper which was issued last week, in which the Silk Road is revived which used to link Chinese with the Arab world for more than 2,000 years.  The road of Chinese wisdom is like a 'Silk Road' which connects the greatest continental Asian-European landmass, and extends between the shores of the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic Oceans through infrastructures for agriculture, industry, trade, technology, science and culture."

This is the concluding paragraph of Aref's column:

"'The Arab-Asian Land-Bridge: The Pulsating Heart of the New Silk Road' was the tile of my report in a London newspaper in November 1997, and I never imagined then that this project, which was designed by the Schiller Institute, would be adopted by China and that the Chinese President would bring it with him to the Arab region this week.  Last September, Beijing celebrated the release of the Chinese version of the new report 'The Silk Road Becomes the World Land-Bridge.'  In the next month the Arabic version of the report will be published next week [sic], and is prepared by Hussein Askary, the Iraqi member of the Schiller Institute, which was established the German Academician Helga LaRouche, who is called by the Chinese 'The Silk Road Lady,' because she paved the way for the New Silk Road through hundreds of conferences and scientific and political seminars, and she 'established the concept of the Eurasian Landbridge as a war prevention tool' according to the Chinese Scholar Deng Yifan. Helga LaRouche and China are like the woman, about whom the Chinese proverb states: 'The female always surpasses the male by her calmness, and she becomes fruitful even in her silence.' And the other proverb: The Great Country is like the lower part of the river, where the earth of the world meets the female of the world [sic]."

China & Egypt Sign Agreements to Undertake 15 Projects in Electricity, Transport & Infrastructure Sectors

Following his talks with Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi in Cairo on Jan. 20, Chinese President Xi Jinping, in a joint statement with al-Sisi, said: "The two sides have agreed to undertake 15 projects ...  mainly in sectors like electricity, transport and infrastructure.  The total investment in these projects is US$15 billion.  These projects will offer a new impetus to the economic development of Egypt," Shanghai Daily reported yesterday.  Egyptian state television had broadcast the live signing of the agreements at a presidential palace in Cairo in the presence of the two leaders. Thursday, addressing the Arab League at Cairo, the Chinese president touched upon the agreements saying, in Egypt, China has committed $15 billion [us] for capacity cooperation and building infrastructure.

Heralding an era of closer political and economic ties, officials from the two countries signed 21 agreements that could see China significantly ramp up investments in the most populous Arab country, Shanghai Daily noted.  The deals span several infrastructure investments, from power generation to the first phase of a new Egyptian administrative capital unveiled last year.  They also include a US$1 billion financing deal for Egypt's central bank and a US$700 million loan to state-owned National Bank of Egypt.

Meeting Egyptian President al-Sisi, Xi said China and Egypt had developed a deep friendship based on mutual respect and expressed China's backing for Egypt running its affairs without outside interference.  "What path a country or people chooses cannot be separated from historical and cultural traditions or the reality of economic development," Xi said. 

Iran and China Agree To Coordinate Their Development Strategies

During the visit of President Xi Jinping to Iran, the two countries agreed to establish a comprehensive strategic relationship and to coordinate their national development strategies in line with the Chinese program of the Silk Road Economic Belt. President Xi is the first head of state to visit Iran in the aftermath of the Iran nuclear agreement. He brought with him a large political delegation which includes three vice ministers as well as  a large business delegation. President Xi met with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, with Speaker of the Majlis Ali Larijani, and with Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

A recurring theme, underlined in the letter of President Xi, published in Iranian papers on the eve of his visit, has been the centuries' old relationship between the two countries dating back to the ancient Silk Road, which was as much a part of Iran's historical narrative as it is of China's. And this has become a consistent motif in the course of Xi's visit.  In the joint statement issued by the two parties, Iran gives full support to the development of the One Belt, One Road, with the two sides signing a “Memorandum of Understanding on Jointly Promoting the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.” China also agrees to support Iran's “Development Plan” and the two countries will work to formulate a 25-year Comprehensive Cooperation Agreement on their two respective development agendas.

The communiqué also calls for annual meetings of the foreign ministers as well as more frequent meetings of the deputy ministers. There will be an increase in the military-to-military relationship and also increased exchanges between the two countries' parliaments, local governments, and student exchanges. They will also cooperate in fighting terrorism and cyber-crime. China also pledges to support Iran's application for membership in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. China has also pledged to assue that the Iranian nuclear agreement and the end to the sanctions regime becomes a reality. The two also agreed to work together to establish a peaceful environment in the Middle East and to oppose sanctions as a weapon.